In 2016, the Ohio legislature passed HB 523 which established the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Program (OMMCP) that allows State Medical Board approved doctors to prescribe medical marijuana to those individuals who meet certain qualifying medical conditions. These medical conditions include AIDS – HIV, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer’s Disease, Cancer, Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), Crohn’s Disease, Epilepsy or another seizure disorder, Fibromyalgia, Glaucoma, Hepatitis C, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Chronic Intractable and Severe Pain, Parkinson’s Disease, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Sickle Cell Anemia, Spinal Cord Disease or injury, Tourette’s Syndrome, Traumatic Brain Injury and Ulcerative Colitis. As of 2021, over 230,000 Ohioans had registered with OMMCP.
In January 2019, the first Ohio medical marijuana dispensaries opened and began selling non-smoking forms of marijuana. Once an individual is added to the OMMCP registry, they can obtain their Ohio medical marijuana card from a dispensary.